Our research is focused on investigating the mechanisms of RNA virus-host interaction, viral regulation of host immunity, and viral pathogenesis. We create and utilize small-animal models and tissue culture systems for infection with RNA viruses such as influenza virus and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). Our study should assist in the development of novel therapies including anti-viral drugs and immune therapeutics to remedy diseases caused by viral infections.
NW301C Medical Sciences Building
Columbia, MO 65212
- Viral regulation of host immunity
- RNA virus-host defense interaction
- Viral pathogenesis
- Sphingolipid system
Areas of Expertise
- Virology and Molecular Therapies
- Interplay between viruses and host defense and immunity
Education & Training
The Scripps Research Institute
1998, PhD, Pohang University of Science and Technology
- Jennifer Wolf, Chuan Xia, Caleb Studstill, Hanh Ngo, Steven Brody, Paul Anderson, Bumsuk Hahm#. 2021 Influenza A virus NS1 induces degradation of sphingosine 1-phosphate lyase to obstruct the host innate immune response. Virology 558, 67-75.
- Studstill, C.J., Pritzl, C.J., Seo, Y-J., Kim, D.Y., Xia, C., Wolf, J.J., Nistala, R., Vijayan, M., Cho, Y-B., Kang, K.W., Lee, S-M., and Bumsuk Hahm 2020 Sphingosine kinase 2 restricts T cell immunopathology but permits viral persistence. Journal of Clinical Investigation 130(12):6523-6538.
- Chuan Xia, Jennifer J. Wolf, Chuankai Sun, Mengqiong Xu, Caleb J. Studstill, Jun Chen, Hanh Ngo, Hua Zhu, and Bumsuk Hahm 2020 PARP1 enhances influenza A virus propagation by facilitating degradation of host type I interferon receptor. Journal of Virology 94(7). pii: e01572-19. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01572-19.
- Jennifer J. Wolf, Caleb J. Studstill, and Bumsuk Hahm 2019 Emerging connections of S1P-metabolizing enzymes with host defense and immunity during virus infections. Review Viruses 11(12). pii: E1097. doi: 10.3390/v11121097.
- Chuan Xia*, Young-Jin Seo*, Caleb Studstill*, Madhuvanthi Vijayan, Jennifer Wolf, and Bumsuk Hahm 2018 Transient inhibition of sphingosine kinases confers protection to influenza A virus infected mice. Antiviral Research. 158:171-177. *Co-first authors
- Chuan Xia, Paul Anderson, and Bumsuk Hahm 2018 Viral dedication to vigorous destruction of interferon receptors. Virology 522:19-26.
- Feng-Ming Yang, Yong Zuo, Wei Zhou, Chuan Xia, Bumsuk Hahm, Mark Sullivan, Jinke Cheng, Hui-Ming Chang, and Edward T.H. Yeh. 2018 sNASP is an inhibitor of toll-like receptor signaling that regulates immune response in sepsis. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 128(6):2459-2472.
- Chuan Xia, Jennifer J. Wolf, Madhuvanthi Vijayan, Caleb J. Studstill, Wenjun Ma, and Bumsuk Hahm 2018 Casein kinase 1α mediates degradation of receptors for type I and type II interferons caused by hemagglutinin of influenza A virus. Journal of Virology 14;92(7).
- Madhuvanthi Vijayan, Chuan Xia, Yule Eum Song, Hanh Ngo, Caleb J. Studstill, Kelly Drews, Todd E. Fox, Marc C. Johnson, John Hiscott, Mark Kester, Stephen Alexander, and Bumsuk Hahm. 2017 Sphingosine 1-phosphate lyase enhances the activation of IKKe to promote type I interferon-mediated innate immune response to influenza A virus infection. J Immunol July 2017, 199 (2) 677-687; [Epub ahead of print]
- Chuan Xia, Madhuvanthi Vijayan, Curtis J. Pritzl, Serge Y. Fuchs, Adrian B. McDermott, and Bumsuk Hahm. 2016. Hemagglutinin of influenza A virus antagonizes type I IFN responses by inducing degradation of type I IFN receptor 1. Journal of Virology 90:2403-2417.
- Michael P. Sherman, Curtis J. Pritzl, Chuan Xia, Mindy M. Miller, Habib Zaghouani, Bumsuk Hahm. 2015 Lactoferrin acts as an adjuvant during influenza vaccination of neonatal mice. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 467:766-770.
- Curtis J. Pritzl, Young-Jin Seo, Chuan Xia, Madhuvanthi Vijayan, Zachary D. Stokes, and Bumsuk Hahm. 2015 A ceramide analogue stimulates dendritic cells to promote T cell responses upon virus infections. Journal of Immunology 194:4339-4349.
- Madhuvanthi Vijayan and Bumsuk Hahm 2014 Influenza viral manipulation of sphingolipid metabolism and signaling to modulate host defense system Invited review Scientifica vol. 2014, Article ID 793815, doi:10.1155/2014/793815.
- Madhuvanthi Vijayan, Young-Jin Seo, Curtis J Pritzl, Sarah A Squires, Stephen Alexander, and Bumsuk Hahm. 2014. Sphingosine kinase 1 regulates measles virus replication. Virology 450-451. 55-63.
- Young-Jin Seo and Bumsuk Hahm. 2014. Sphingosine analog AAL-R promotes activation of LCMV-infected dendritic cells. Viral Immunology 27(2):82-6.
- Young-Jin Seo, Curtis J. Pritzl, Madhuvanthi Vijayan, Kavita Bomb, Mariah E. McClain, Stephen Alexander, and Bumsuk Hahm 2013 Sphingosine kinase 1 serves as a pro-viral factor by regulating viral RNA synthesis and nuclear export of viral ribonucleoprotein complex upon influenza virus infection. PLoS One Volume 8/Issue 8/e75005.