Richard Sherwood, PhD

Richard Sherwood, PhD

Pathology and Anatomical Sciences

Orthopaedic Surgery

Director of the Craniofacial Research Center
Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (secondary appointment)
Adjunct Professor, Case Western Reserve University



Dr. Sherwood is a biomedical scientist with a specialty in human craniofacial biology, growth and development, and quantitative genetics. He holds degrees in Anthropology (U.C. Berkeley) and Biomedical Sciences (Kent State University). He is a Professor in the Department of Pathology and Anatomical Sciences at the University Of Missouri School Of Medicine. Prior to his current appointment, he held positions at Yale University, The Pennsylvania State University, University of Wisconsin, and Wright State University. His NIH-funded research focuses on creation of individualized predictive models of craniofacial growth designed to assist clinicians in identification of optimal treatment timing. Dr. Sherwood has managed several NIH-Funded projects investigating the genetic and environmental influences on craniofacial form in two human populations. One NIH-Funded project in the US and one in a remote area of Nepal. Dr. Sherwood has also researched non-human primate model (baboon) for craniofacial biology. He is active in a number of studies on childhood skeletal growth, development, and bone accrual.

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Academic Information

Director of the Craniofacial Research Center
Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (secondary appointment)
Adjunct Professor, Case Western Reserve University


One Hospital Dr
M263 Medical Science Building
Columbia, MO 65212
United States

P. 573-882-6174

Research Interests

  • Growth of the face, jaws, and teeth in humans
  • Treatment of craniofacial abnormalities children and adolescents
  • Development of assessment parameters including sex, chronological age, facial type, and past craniofacial measurements to predict future growth

Areas of Expertise

  • Craniofacial growth and development
  • Skeletal biology
  • Quantitative genetics of the craniofacial complex
  • Human evolutionary biology

Education & Training

Post-Graduate School

Kent State University


Richard Sherwood's Bibliography

  • Froehle, A.W., R.T. Laughlin, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. Gait patterns after bariatric surgery. In Pathophysiology of Bariatric Surgery: Metabolism, Nutrition Procedures, Outcomes and Adverse Effects. (R. Rajendrum, ed.) Elsevier.
  • Froehle, A.W., K. Grannis, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. Submitted. Relationships between age at menarche, walking gait base of support, and stance phase frontal plane knee biomechanics in adolescent females. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
  • Šešelj, M., D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood. 2015. Heritability of the human craniofacial complex. Anat. Rec. 298:1535-1547. PM:26097051.
  • Golub, M.S., A.M. Bulleri, C.E. Hogrefe, R.J. Sherwood. 2015. Bone growth in juvenile rhesus monkeys is influenced by 5HTTLPR polymorphisms and fluoxetine. Bone.79:162-169. PM:26067181; PMCID:PMC4511468.
  • R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. 2015. Variation, genetics, and evolution of the primate craniofacial complex. In Genome Mapping and Genomics in Human and Non-Human Primates. (R. Duggirala, L. Almasy, S. Williams-Blangero, S.F.D. Paul, C. Kole, eds.) Springer-Verlag. Berlin Heidelberg. Pp. 259-275.
  • Duren, D.L., R.W. Nahhas, R.J. Sherwood. 2015. Secular trends and sexual dimorphism in skeletal maturity. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 473:2559-2567. PMID: 25716212.
  • Nahhas, R.W., M. Valiathan, R.J. Sherwood. 2014. Variation in onset, duration, intensity, and direction of adolescent growth in the mandible, maxilla, and cranial base: the Fels Longitudinal Study. Anat. Rec. 297:1195-1207. PM:24737730; PMCID:PMC4103980.
  • Froehle, A.W.., R.T. Laughlin, D.D. Teel II, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. 2014. Excess body weight loss is associated with non-pathological gait patterns in women four to five years after bariatric surgery. Obesity Surgery 24(2):253-259. PM:24008625; PMCID:PMC4013796.
  • Froehle, A.W., N. Dollin, R.T. Laughlin, D.D. Teel II, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. 2014. Bariatric surgery: Effects on patient gait and function. (Invited Review). (Accessed on April 4, 2014).
  • R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. 2013. The genetics of morphology. In Companion to Paleoanthropology (D. Begun, ed.). Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. Malden, MA. Pp. 306-320.
  • R.J. Sherwood, and D.L. Duren. 2013. Growth of a Species, an Association, a Science: 80 Years of Growth and Development Research. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 150:1-4. PM:23283658; PMCID:PMC4084499.
  • Chumlea, Wm.C., R.W. Nahhas, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. 2013. The FELS method of skeletal maturity. In Growth and Maturation in Human Biology and Sports, Festschrift Honoring Robert M. Malina. (P.T. Katzmarzyk, and M.J. Coelho e Silva, eds.) Coimbra University Press. Coimbra, Portugal. Pp. 23-31.
  • Iossi, M.F., E.K. Konstantakos, D.D. Teel, II, R.J. Sherwood, R.T. Laughlin, M.J. Coffey, D.L. Duren. 2013. Musculoskeletal function following bariatric surgery. Obesity. 21:1104-1110. PM:23666763.
  • Froehle, A.W., R.W. Nahhas, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. 2013. Age-related changes in spatiotemporal characteristics of gait accompany ongoing lower limb linear growth in late childhood and early adolescence. Gait and Posture. 38:14-19. PM:23159678; PMCID:PMC3580126.
  • *Featured in “Issue Highlights” for Gait and Posture 38:Issue 1. Nahhas, R.W., R.J. Sherwood, Wm.C. Chumlea, D.L. Duren. 2013. An update of the statistical methods underlying the FELS Method of skeletal maturity assessment. Ann. Hum. Biol. 40:1-10. PM:23992229; PMCID:PMC4013782.
  • Duren, D.L., M. Šešelj, A.W. Froehle, R.W. Nahhas, R.J. Sherwood. 2013. Skeletal growth and the changing genetic landscape during childhood and adulthood. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.150:48-57. PM:23283664; PMCID:PMC3539213.
  • Nahhas, R.W., R.J. Sherwood, Wm.C. Chumlea, B. Towne, D.L. Duren. 2013. Predicting the timing of maturational spurts in skeletal age. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 150:68-75. PM:23283666; PMCID:PMC3988703.
  • Šešelj, M., R.W. Nahhas, R.J. Sherwood, Wm.C. Chumlea, B. Towne, D.L. Duren. 2012. The Influence of Age at Menarche on Cross-sectional Geometry of Bone in Young Adulthood. Bone 51:38-45. PM:22513271; PMCID:PMC3584571.
  • Lee, M., A.C. Choh, K.D. Williams, V. Schroeder, T.D. Dyer, J. Blangero, S.A. Cole, Wm.C. Chumlea, D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood, R.M. Siervogel, B. Towne, S.A. Czerwinski. 2012. Genome-wide linkage scan for quantitative trait loci underlying normal variation in heel bone ultrasound measures. J.Nutr.H.Ag. 16:8-13. PM:22237995; PMCID:PMC3928037.
  • R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren, M.C. Mahaney, J. Blangero, T.D. Dyer, S.A. Cole, S.A. Czerwinski, Wm.C. Chumlea, R.M. Siervogel, A.C. Choh, R.W. Nahhas, M. Lee, B. Towne. 2011. A genome-wide linkage scan for quantitative trait loci influencing the craniofacial complex in humans (Homo sapiens sapiens). Anat.Rec. 294:664-675. PM:21328561; PMCID:PMC3091483.
  • R.J. Sherwood, K. McNulty. Dissecting the genetic architecture of craniofacial shape. 2011. In: Biological Shape Analysis: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium (P.E. Lestrel, ed.). Singapore: World Scientific, Pp. 145-171.
  • Lee, M., R.W. Nahhas, A.C. Choh, E.W. Demerath,, D.L. Duren, Wm.C. Chumlea, R.J. Sherwood, B. Towne, R.M. Siervogel, S.A. Czerwinski. 2011. Longitudinal changes in calcaneal quantitative ultrasound measures during childhood. Osteoporosis Int. 22(8):2295-2305. PM:20976593; PMCID:PMC3988661.
  • Choh, A.C., R.W. Nahhas, M. Lee, Y.S. Choi, Wm.C. Chumlea, D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood, B. Towne, R.M. Siervogel, E.W. Demerath, S.A. Czerwinski. 2011. Secular trends in blood pressure during adulthood: The Fels Longitudinal Study. J. Hypertension 29(5):838-845. PM:21430562; PMCID:PMC3988666.
  • Duren, D.L., J. Blangero, R.J. Sherwood, M. Šešelj, T. Dyer, S.A. Cole, M. Lee, A.C. Choh, Wm.C. Chumlea, R.M. Siervogel, S.A. Czerwinski, B. Towne. 2011. Cortical bone health shows significant linkage to chromosomes 2p, 3p, and 17q in 10-year-old children. Bone 49:1213-1218. PM:21907839; PMCID:PMC3221785.
  • Nahhas, R.W., A.C. Choh, M. Lee, Wm.C. Chumlea, D.L. Duren, R.M. Siervogel, R.J. Sherwood, B. Towne, S.A. Czerwinski. 2010. Bayesian longitudinal plateau model of adult grip strength. Am.J.Hum.Biol. 22:648-656. PM:20737612; PMCID:PMC3988672.
  • Lee, M., A.C. Choh, E.W. Demerath, K.L. Knutson, D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood, S.S. Sun, Wm.C. Chumlea, B. Towne, R.M. Siervogel, S.A. Czerwinski. 2009. Sleep disturbance in relation to health-related quality of life in adults: The Fels Longitudinal Study. J.Nutr.H.Ag. 13:576-583.PM:19536428; PMCID:PMC3988690.
  • Chumlea, Wm.C., A.C. Choh, M. Lee, B. Towne, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren, S.A. Czerwinski, R.M. Siervogel. 2009. The First seriatim study into old age for weight, stature and BMI: The Fels Longitudinal Study. J.Nutr.H.Ag. 13:3-5. PM:19151900; PMCID:PMC3750971.
  • Antón, S.C., J.J. Snodgrass, and the Bones and Behavior Working Group. 2009. Integrative Measurement Protocol. (Accessed April 4, 2014).
  • R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren, L.M. Havill, J. Rogers, L.A. Cox, B. Towne, M.C. Mahaney. 2008. A genome-wide linkage scan for quantitative trait loci influencing the craniofacial complex in baboons (Papio hamadryas spp.). Genetics. 180:619- 628. PM:18757921; PMCID:PMC2535711. *Featured in “Issue Highlights” for Genetics 180:Issue 1.
  • R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren. 2008. Genetics of the Craniofacial Complex. In Essentials of Facial Growth, Second Edition. (D. Enlow, M. Hans, eds.). Ann Arbor: Needham Press, Inc. Pp. 402-412.
  • Duren, D.L., R.J. Sherwood, S.A. Czerwinski, M. Lee, A.C. Choh, R.M. Siervogel, Wm.C. Chumlea. 2008. Body composition methods: comparisons and interpretation. J.Diabet.Sci.Tech. 2:1147-1150. PM:19885303; PMCID:PMC2769821.
  • R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren, E.W. Demerath, S.A. Czerwinski, R.M. Siervogel, B. Towne. 2008. Quantitative genetics of modern human cranial variation. J.Hum.Evol. 54:909-914. PM:18394677; PMCID:PMC2391308.
  • Duren, D.L., R.J. Sherwood, S.A. Czerwinski, Wm.C. Chumlea, E.W. Demerath, S.S. Sun, R.M. Siervogel, and B. Towne. 2008. Genetic architecture of knee radiographic joint space in healthy young adults. Hum. Biol. 80:1-9. PM:18505041; PMCID:PMC3988673.
  • Towne, B., K.D. Williams, J. Blangero, S.A. Czerwinski, E.W. Demerath, R.W. Nahhas, T.D. Dyer, S.A. Cole, M. Lee, A.C. Choh, D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood, Wm.C. Chumlea, R.M. Siervogel. 2008. Presentation, heritability, and genomewide linkage analysis of the mid-childhood growth spurt in healthy children from the Fels Longitudinal Study. Hum.Biol. 80: 623-636. PM:19728540; PMCID:PMC2801436.
  • Chumlea, Wm.C., A.C. Choh, M. Lee, R.J. Sherwood, D.L. Duren, S. Czerwinski, B. Towne, R.M. Siervogel. 2008. The Fels Longitudinal Study 80 years. J.Ch.Gr.Dev. (Japan) 6:174-177.
  • Duren, D.L., R.J. Sherwood, A. Choh, S.A. Czerwinski, Wm.C. Chumlea, E.W. Demerath, S.S. Sun, R.M. Siervogel, B. Towne. 2007. Quantitative genetics of cortical bone mass in healthy 10-year-old children from the Fels Longitudinal Study. Bone. 40:464-470. PM:17056310; PMCID:PMC1945206.
  • Demerath, E.W., A. Choh, S.A. Czerwinski, M. Lee, S.S. Sun, Wm.C. Chumlea, D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood, J. Blangero, B. Towne, and R.M. Siervogel. 2007. Genetic and environmental influences on infant weight and weight change: The Fels Longitudinal Study. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 19:692-702. PM:17639582; PMCID:PMC2801417.
  • Williams, K.D., J. Blangero, C.R. Cottom, S. Lawrence, A.C. Choh, S.A. Czerwinski, M. Lee, D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood, T.D. Dyer, J. Subedi, B. Jha, S. Williams-Blangero, B. Towne. 2007. Heritability of brachydactyly type A3 in children, adolescents, and young adults from an endogamous population in Eastern Nepal. Hum. Biol. 79:609-622. PM:18494372.
  • Duren, D.L., R.J. Sherwood, Wm.C. Chumlea, R.M. Siervogel, B. Towne. 2006. Radiographic joint space of the knee in healthy young adults. Hum. Biol. 78(3):353-364. PM:17216807.
  • R.J. Sherwood, L.J. Hlusko, D.L. Duren, V.C. Emch, A. Walker. 2005. Mandibular symphysis of large-bodied hominoids. Hum. Biol. 77:735-759. PM:16715835 2002 
  • R.J. Sherwood, R.B. Rowley, S.C. Ward. 2002. Relative placement of the mandibular fossa in great apes and humans. J. Hum. Evol. 43:843-852. PM:12098210.
  • R.J. Sherwood, S.C. Ward, A.Hill, D.L. Duren, B. Brown, W. Downs. 2002. Preliminary Description of the Equatorius africanus partial skeleton (KNM-TH 28860) from Kipsaramon, Tugen Hills, Baringo District, Kenya. J. Hum. Evol. 42:63-73. PM:11795968.
  • R.J. Sherwood, S.C. Ward, A. Hill. 2002. The taxonomic status of the Chemeron temporal (KNM-BC 1). J. Hum. Evol. 42:153-184. PM:11795973. 2000 
  • R.J. Sherwood, R.S. Meindl, H.B. Robinson, R.L. May. 2000. Fetal age: methods of estimation and effects of pathology. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 113:305-316. PM:11042534.
  • R.J. Sherwood 1999. Pneumatic processes in the temporal bone of the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and gorilla (Gorilla gorilla). J. Morphol. 241:127- 137. PM:10420159.
  • R.J. Sherwood, H.B. Robinson, R.S. Meindl, R.L. May. 1997. Pattern and process in growth of the abnormal human fetus. Hum. Biol. 69:849-871. PM:9353979.
  • R.J. Sherwood 1995. The Hominid Temporal Bone: Ontogeny and Phylogenetic Implications. Ph.D. Dissertation, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio. Advisor: Steven C. Ward.
  • R.J. Sherwood, H.B. Robinson, R.L. May, and R.S. Meindl. 1995. Standardized residuals as a means for detection of growth alteration in the pathologic human fetus. Teratology 46:419-428. PM:1462246
  • R.J. Sherwood 1986. Dietary Adaptations of the Plio-Pleistocene Hominidae. M.A. Thesis. Kent State University, Ohio. Advisor: C. Owen Lovejoy.